Pakistan has nearly 2 percent of its labour force engaged in the gig economy through online and location-based services. An estimated half a million workers in the country work in the location-based platform economy, but it has been encouraging a race to the bottom regarding working conditions.

Fairwork and the Centre for Labour Research have rated seven of the most popular gig economy platforms in Pakistan – Bykea, Careem, Cheetay, Daraz, FoodPanda, Gharpar, and Uber – according to how fairly they treat workers. Only Foodpanda, Gharpar, Uber and were able to earn a score, obtaining one out of 10 each.

This is the first study of its kind in Pakistan, scoring companies on five principles of fair work: fair pay, conditions, contracts, management, and representation.