Pakistan has nearly 2 percent of its labour force engaged in the gig economy through online and location-based services. An estimated half a million workers in the country work in the location-based platform economy, but it has been encouraging a race to the bottom regarding working conditions.

For the third year, Fairwork and the Centre for Labour Research have rated the working conditions on six of the most popular gig economy platforms offering ride-hailing, food delivery, and professional beauty services. The six platforms fell short in all criteria of fair work practices.